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Amazonite is green or blue-green with white striations. It is mined in Russia, Madagascar, and in Pikes Peak, Colorado. It is sometimes called the “hope stone.”

Aquamarine, which means “ocean water”, is associated with many legends involving water. Ancient sailors even believed that the fish-like lower portion of mermaids’ bodies were made of aquamarine.

Agate is a form of chalcedony quartz that is most commonly found in volcanic rocks or lava. It comes in various colors and usually has banding, stripes, or spots. There are many forms of Agate, ranging from opaque to semi-translucent. Agate is mined in numerous places including Africa, Brazil, India, Italy, Mexico and the U.S.

Agate Geode Geodes are rock cavities in agate. The outer part is rough, but broken open it reveals a center with beautiful crystal formations.

Amber fossilized resin from trees that are millions of years old; in some pieces you can actually see insects that were trapped in the sap before it hardened. Amber colors range from yellow to brownish orange. it ranges in color from yellow to brownish orange. It is found in many places throughout the world.

Amethyst, a variety of quartz, ranges in color from soft lavender to purple. The color purple is a symbol of purity and royalty, and the purple amethyst has been used for rulers, clergymen and the wealthy. In Christianity, it has been used in rosaries and bishop’s rings. In ancient times, Romans added crushed amethysts to wine cups, believing it prevented drunkenness.

Ametrine is a type of quartz that combines amethyst and citrine and contains zones of colors of both stones, making an amazing combination of the yellows of citrine and the purples of amethyst. It is mostly mined in Bolivia.

Australian Painted Jasper is a stunning type of jasper that comes in shades of rust and gray. One of many similar Jaspers such as Picasso, Impression, etc.

Aventurine is a translucent to opaque type of quartz containing tiny bits of shiny minerals which give it a sparkly effect. Although green is the most common color of Aventurine, it can also be shades of brown to orange to yellow, gray or blue. It is mined primarily in India.

Beryl is a translucent to transparent stone that comes in numerous shades. Emeralds, rubies and morganite are all forms of Beryl.

Bloodstone, also known as Heliotrope, is a green gemstone dotted with bright red spots of iron oxide. Legend says that there was bloodstone was originally plain green; it was on the ground where Christ was crucified, and His blood dripped onto the stones, giving them forever the red spots.

Blue goldstone is actually glass infused with fragments of copper through a 300-year-old Venetian process.

Blue Tiger Eye is similar to regular and Red Tiger Eye but dark with a definite bluish tinge rather than red or gold, and mixed with yellow. Mined in Canada, India, South Africa and USA.

Botswana Agate is a semi-translucent form of agate that is banded with defined parallel lines in soft shades of purple, pinks and white on hues of gray. As the name suggests, it is mined in Botswana.

Carnelian is a form of Chalcedony quartz that is mined mostly in India, Brazil, Uruguay and Japan. It has the Chalcedony almost waxy but translucent appearance and contains a range of colors from brownish red to orange, to cream. The darker tones are called Sard. It is mined mostly in India, Brazil, Uruguay, and Japan.

Chalcedony is a form of quartz that is made up of extremely fine crystals. It has a somewhat waxy but translucent appearance. The colors range from pale blue or gray to yellow or brown. Chalcedony is primarily mined in India, Burma, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.

Chrysoprase is an apple green form of Chalcedony (Quartz); the color comes from small bits of nickel that is present in very fine crystals. It is mined primarily in Australia, Brazil and the United States.

Citrine, a yellow variety of quartz, is mined in numerous countries including Scotland, Europe, Madagascar and the former USSR, but the finest is found in Brazil. Historically, Citrine was prized among the Celtic and Scottish people and was promoted by Queen Victoria because it was mined in Scotland. Some “citrine” is actually heat treated smoky quartz or amethyst.

Cracked Agate is agate deep surface cracks that are formed by the stone being heated and then quenched.

Crazy Lace Agate is a variety of banded Chalcedony, found in Mexico. It is also called the Laughter Stone or Happy Lace. Normally white and opaque, it is often color enhanced. Thus you may find it in purple, blues, etc.

Fancy Jasper is a form of Jasper that is found in colors of forest green, gold and burgundy.

Cubic Zirconia (CZ) is a man-made clear gemstone exceptional in its sparkle and beauty. CZ’s come in numerous colors from primary to pastel. It is nearly impossible to distinguish a colorless CZ from a diamond using the naked eye.

Fluorite is a glassy mineral with a rainbow of colors, with an emphasis on purple but including just about every other color! It is mined in numerous countries, including the U.S.

Heliotrope – Another name for Bloodstone.

Hematite, an iron oxide, is typically a blackish grey. When highly polished it can sometimes look like silver.

Howlite is a grayish white mineral with dark veining; it is sometimes called white turquoise. Howlite is porous, can be easily dyed, and is sometimes used to imitate the more expensive turquoise or lapis. Howlite is mined in the U.S. and Nova Scotia.

Jasper is an opaque, fine-grained type of Chalcedony. It is found in shades of brown, red, yellow or even green. Jasper has interesting patterns, usually in bands, which are due to the various minerals it contains. It is found in various places throughout the world, including in the U.S.

Labradorite is a type of gray-blue feldspar with an iridescent surface that emits flashes of rainbow colors when viewed from different angles. It is mined in India, Madagascar, Newfoundland, and Russia and Finland; the Finnish Laboradite is a dark blue and is called Spectrolite.

Lapis lazuli has been used for thousands of years for jewelry and ornamental objects. It is an intense blue, usually with yellow flecks of Pyrite. Lapis has a long history of use as jewelry and other items. It was used throughout the Bible in both the Old and New Testaments; the word “sapphire” in the Bible is believed to actually be Lapis. Some Biblical scholars even believe that the 10 Commandments were written on Lapis! In later centuries, Lapis was ground by artists and mixed with oil to made the paint ultramarine, which at the time was more costly than gold.

Lava beads are just what they sound like: beads made from cooled volcanic lava. They are porous and can be dyed. The Lava beads we use are black.

Mookite, which has numerous similar names, is a type of jasper, with varying shades of cream, yellow, gold, brown, red or burgundy, and other colors. This stone is mined in Western Australia.

Moonstone is an opalescent stone with a white and bluish sheen in colors ranging from clear to blue, brown, gray, pink, yellow, green, and peach. Moonstone is mined in various countries including the United States.

Morganite, a type of Beryl, can be found in both clear and translucent varieties and various soft shades of color, pink being the predominant color. Although found in several countries including the U.S., the main sources are Brazil and Madagascar.

Mother of Pearl or Abalone is the coating found on the shell of some mollusks. It is iridescent and basically an ivory color, more often than not with streaks of deeper ivory and even tan. Also known as Nacre.

Nacre – See Mother of Pearl

Onyx is the black form of chalcedony, a form of quartz. Onyx is black; when there are other colors included, it is normally referred to as Sardonyx. Onyx can be found worldwide in areas such as, Mexico, Brazil, India, and Algeria. (See Sardonyx.)

Orange Sodalite is a blue and orange version of Sodalite, mined in Africa. (See Sodalite.)

Pietersite is a relatively recent discovery (1962). It is similar to Tiger Eye in its shimmer and banding. The bands are gold, red and blue throughout the stone. Pietersite is mined in Namibia, Africa.

Quartz is one of the most common minerals on earth comes in many colors and forms such as amethyst, citrine, etc. Quartz can be found in just about every country.

Red Tiger Eye is Tiger Eye quartz with the same shimmer as regular Tiger Eye but with a darker red-brown hue rather than gold. Mined in Canada, India, South Africa and USA.

Rose Quartz is a delicate pink type of quartz. Although mined in numerous places, the main source is Brazil.

Sard is a darker form of Carnelian, Sard is usually red-brown to brown in color. (See Carnelian)

Sardonyx – When Onyx includes stripes of white and brown in addition to black, it is known as Sardonyx. Mined in various countries throughout the world. (See Onyx)

Smoky Quartz is a transparent brownish-grey to warm black/brown. Mined in the United States, Brazil, Switzerland, the Himalayas, and Mexico, it has become a “go to” color for many designers.

Sodalite is a royal blue stone with a high sodium content (hence the name); it may also be found in violet, gray, yellow, green or pink, or a combination. Mined mainly in Ontario and Brazil.

Spectrolite is a blue form of Labradorite found in Finland. (See Labradorite.)

Tiger Eye is a type of opaque quartz with shimmering black, brown and gold that seems to move from the inside as it is turned back and forth. See also: Red Tiger Eye and Blue Tiger Eye. Mined in North America.

Tourmaline – Also called the “Watermelon” or “RainbowTourmaline, this gemstone comes in a wide variety of colors, even at times in the same stone. Tourmalines are mostly mined in Brazil and Africa but have also been discovered in the U.S. Some colors have their own names, such as the Rubellite (red) and Indicolite (blue-green.) The Tourmaline, if rubbed, can become statically charged.

Turquoise is an opaque, blue-green stone, usually veined, that has been valued for thousands of years. It is found in Turkey, the Sinai Peninsula and the U.S. Most turquoise is too soft to use and is stabilized through heat, pressure and a wetting agent — however, this treatment affects only the stability and so the stone is still considered natural. Howlite is sometimes dyed to resemble Turquoise. {See Turquoise Howlite.)

Turquoise Howlite is dyed to resemble Turquoise and is much more affordable.

Zebra is a form of agate, usually white with large black stripes, although it can also come with red or brown stripes. Found in several areas of the world.

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